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China Agricultural University is a university in Beijing, People's Republic of China specializing in agriculture, biology, engineering, veterinary medicine, economics, management, humanities and social science. It was formed in 1905 through the merger of the Beijing Agricultural University and the Beijing Agricultural Engineering University. At present there are around 12,500 undergraduate and 7,000 graduate students in the university. The new gymnasium hosted the wrestling events during the 2008 Summer Olympics. CAU is designated as part of both Project 985, to create world class universities in China, and Project 211, to raise the research standards of universities.

The history of China Agricultural University can be traced back to 1905 when the College of Agriculture was founded in the former Jingshi Da Xuetang. Beijing Agricultural University (BAU) was established in September 1949 through the merging of Peking University 's College of Agriculture, Tsinghua University 's College of Agriculture and North China University's College of Agriculture. BAU was listed by the State Council as one of the Top-Six Key National Universities as well as one of the Top-Ten Key Universities for further construction and improvement. In October 1952, BAU's Department of Agricultural Machinery, North China College of Agricultural Machinery and Ministry of Agriculture's Central Agricultural Mechanization School merged to form the Beijing Mechanized Agricultural College, which was renamed Beijing Agricultural Mechanization Institute (BAMI) in July 1953. The BAMI was listed by the State Council in October 1960 as one of the 64 Key National Universities and then renamed again as Beijing Agricultural Engineering University (BAEU) in 1985. The university is the top institution in China for agricultural studies.

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