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The Ethiopian Agricultural Research is one of the oldest and largest agricultural research system in Africa. Ethiopian Agricultural Research System (EARS) has evolved through several stages since its first initiation during the late 1940s, following the establishment of agricultural and technical schools at Ambo and Jimma.
The present day Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) was established in 1907during the reign of emperor Menelik II.More than a century has been elapsed since agriculture was transformed in to an institution. During the last successive regimes, some measures have been taken to improve the Agricultural sector. Despite such measures, there have not been any improvements in the sector. As result, the past regimes did not able to eradicate poverty and guarantee food security. This happened mainly due to the absence of conductive policies and strategies.
The ATA and the Transformation Agenda concept grew out of a two-year extensive diagnostic study of Ethiopia’s agriculture sector, led by the Ministry of Agriculture and facilitated by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The study examined how Ethiopia could replicate the agricultural transformation seen in many Asian countries during their first phase of development.
The Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX) is a new initiative for Ethiopia and the first of its kind in Africa. The vision of ECX is to revolutionize Ethiopia’s tradition bound agriculture through creating a new marketplace that serves all market actors, from farmers to traders to processors to exporters to consumers. The ECX is a unique partnership of market actors, the Members of the Exchange, and its main promoter, the Government of Ethiopia. ECX represents the future of Ethiopia, bringing integrity, security, and efficiency to the market.