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Egypt is an intensive user of modern technologies to improve agricultural productivity in view of the natural resource base scarcity and population pressure. With this in mind, the very creation of the Ministry of Agriculture in the beginning of the 20th century was preceded by the establishment of technical divisions and the development of research capabilities. These endeavors culminated into the creation of the Agricultural Research Center (ARC) in the early 1970s.
Recently, the environment has been the topic of the hour, the whole world started to pay a great attention to the environment as a strategic choice to conserve the natural resources which will ensure the continuity and sustainability of these resources in the future. Sinai Peninsula and Suez Canal area are characterized by their geographical importance and their richness in natural resources which include plants, animals, geological structures and marine habitats.
The Agricultural Economics Research Institute (AERI) started under the umbrella of the Agricultural Research Centre (ARC) that was established back in 1971. Since then, the institute is being developed to keep up with both domestic and international changes.
The Agricultural Engineering Research Institute (AEnRI) was established in 1983 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation under the auspices of the Agricultural research Center.From 1983 to 1992, it was known as the Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute.
In order to broaden its scope, the name was changed to the Agricultural Engineering Research Institute in 1992. AEnEI has been organized into several research departments and also has two centers for tractor and machinery testing services and rice mechanization center.
The institute was established in 1904 under the name of pathology lab. Inside the building of college of Vet. Medicine .Cairo university then it becomes the General Department of labs and veterinary researches in its building at Nadi El-said street Dokki Giza then in 1983 by the republic decision No. 19 the Agriculture Research centre was established containing The Animal Health research Institute.
The main goal of the institute is to increase crop productivity and quality to ensure food security, optimize use of natural resources (land & water); and use up-to-date technology to reduce input cost and increase net returns to the farmers. Detailed aims include: 1- Developing and releasing new high-yielding early maturing varieties and hybrids, which are also resistant to pests and tolerant to adverse conditions (salinity, drought and high temperature); 2- Producing high quality breeder and foundation seeds for all the recommended commercial varieties to maintain their genetic purity
The main goal of HRI is to enhance the productivity of horticultural crops in quantity and quality to meet local and export demands with special attention to horticulture crops that are best suited to Egyptian climate.
PPRI objectives include: Setting up the national strategies for integrated pest management in Egypt; Identification, classification and survey of various crop pests of economic importance; Identification of the critical threshold of major agricultural insects and pests; Developing various methods and techniques applied in beneficial insects’ breeding (honeybees & silkworm) as an important source of national income; Setting-up strategies for pest management research and applied programs for major economic crops under different environmental conditions; Evaluating the role of natural enem
AERDRI was established since 1977. The Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Research Institute conducts applied research in the fields of agricultural extension, rural community development, and rural home economics. The overall objective is to communicate the results of such studies to policy-makers and to assist them in providing better extension service that contributes to Egypt’s sustainable agricultural development.
The Institute of Agricultural Genetic Engineering Research latest specialized institutes Agricultural Research Center, which began in 1990 as a project funded by the UNDP United Nations UNDP in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, has been converted into this project in 1992 to a national institute specializing in the field of agricultural genetic engineering as institutes Research CenterAgricultural contributes to the transfer of technology of genetic engineering of plants advanced industrial countries to our labs Egyptian, and in adapting these new technologies to suit the need