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India has vast and varied types of inland fisheries resources in the form of rivers, estuaries, reservoirs, floodplain wetlands, lakes, coastal lagoons and backwaters, which play important roles in fish production in the country, ensuring food and nutritional security, employment generation and livelihoods to millions of people. Recognizing the role of inland fisheries, Government of India established a Central Inland Fisheries Research Station at Calcutta on 17 March 1947, under the then Ministry of Food and Agriculture.
The National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (NBFGR) was established in December 1983 in a rented premises at Allahabad under the aegis of Indian Council of Agricultural Research to undertake research related to the conservation of fish germplasm resources of the country. The Bureau’s permanent infrastructure was developed at Canal Ring Road, Telibagh, Lucknow, U.P in 1999 comprising an administrative block, laboratories, farm and residential complex covering an area of 52 acres.
Coldwater fisheries has a great potential in generating rural income and providing food security to the economically underprivileged population residing in Indian uplands. To utilize the available resources and opportunities in the coldwater fisheries sector the involvement of Indian Council of Agricultural Research in this sector started during late sixties which, subsequently culminated in the creation of National Research Center on Coldwater Fisheries as an independent Research Center on 24 September 1987 during the VII Five Year Plan.