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Agricultural Research in the Sudan dates back to beginning of the last century. The earliest experimental farms were started at Shendi in 1902 and at El Kamlin in 1903 to explore the possibilities of growing irrigated cotton in the northern Sudan. Shortly afterwards, more experimental farms were started at Rumbek, Tonj and Wau, primarily to test cotton under rain-fed conditions in the southern Sudan. Organized scientific research was started in 1903 with the establishment of the Welcome Tropical Research Laboratories (WTRL).
The Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (AOAD) was established in 1970, upon the desire of the Arab countries. Realizing the vital role of agriculture within the region's economy, the Arab countries recognized the need for coordination between their different policies in agriculture, natural and human resources as well as economic development, in order to achieve the ultimate goal of a fully integrated Arab economies. AOAD started operating in 1972. Due to the abundance of Sudan's natural resources, in particular in agriculture, Khartoum was selected to host the organization's
The Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development (AAAID) is an independent multilateral financial institution established in 1976 in Sudan with the vision of achieving food security in the Arab World. Its Head Office is located in Khartoum, Sudan with a Regional office located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. AAAID has 21 member states who have collectively contributed an Authorized Capital of KD 336 Million (1.107 Billion US Dollars), its Paid up capital is KD 172 Million (USD 566 Million) as of December 31st 2015.
The objective of MARF is to increase production of livestock and fish commodities.