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The Animal Production Research Institute (APRI) dates back to 1908 when an independent Animal Breeding Section was formed. Its responsibilities were limited to applied research and activities related to buffalo, cattle and equine breeding. Since 1921, it has been affiliated with the Ministry of Agriculture as a Branch for Animal Breeding. In 1939, the branch was transformed into the Department of Animal and Poultry Breedign, and then into the Departement of Animal Production in 1944.
The Animal Reproduction Research Institute may be considered to date back to 1968 when the first center for bull investigation in Egypt was established. Its main responsibilities were the examination of bulls used for artificial insemination of bulls used for artificial insemination or natural bereeding purposes, in addition to examining samples received from districts throughout Egypt for diagnostic purposes. long before that time, however, different aspects of animal reproduction were practiced in an informal, and later, formal manner.
Since 1903, The VSVRI has been established on an area of about23square hectares in the Red Mountain area of the Abbassia district, east Cairo. The Veterinary Serum and Vaccine Research nstitute (VSVRI),formerly called the Veterinary Serum Laboratory, is one of the oldest and prestigious institutes in the Middle East and Africa. Since 1914, The institute has been merged to the veterinary Medicine Department within the Ministry of Agriculture.
The institute carries out research on various aspects of buffalo improvement including conservation of germplasm, development of optimum diets and feeding systems, enhancement of reproductive efficiency and health management practices for augmenting milk, meat and draught performance of the species. The mandate of the Institute is to (a) undertake research and transfer of technology on all aspects of buffalo production; (b) establish nucleus breeding herds of important buffalo breeds and (c) act as repository of information on all aspects of buffalo production and development.
The Central Institute for Research on Cattle (CIRC) was founded as a nodal institution to monitor, coordinate and support all research and development projects for cattle improvement in the VII Five year Plan on 3rd November 1987 at Military Farms School & Research Centre, Meerut, by upgrading the status of All-India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Cattle.
The NBAGR mandate outlines the Identification, Evaluation, Characterization, Conservation and sustainable Utilization of Livestock and Poultry Genetic Resources. It also references coordination and capacity building in animal genetic resources management and policy issues.
The Directorate of Poultry Research (DPR) formerly Project Directorate on Poultry (PDP) is one of the constituent research institutes of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), an autonomous multidisciplinary Research & Development Organization financially supported by Govt. of India. The Directorate was set up as a coordinating unit of All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Poultry in 1970 at Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.
Although Foot-and-Mouth Disease has been known to be widely prevalent in India even during early years of 19th century, work on the disease could not be initiated at the Imperial Bacteriological Laboratory (Indian Veterinary Research Institute), Mukteswar, in earlier years owing to paucity of infrastructure and scientific manpower etc.
India possess diverse livestock resources including meat animals. Indian meat sector contributes significantly to sustain livestock production. India produces about 68 lakh tonnes of meat utilizing about 10 crore meat animals such as cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goat and pigs and 21 crores poultry. Meat group contributed 17 percent at Rs. 40399 crores to the value of output from livestock sector during 2007-08. Meat exports accounts for 77% of total animal products exports.
The mid term appraisal committee constituted by ICAR in 1990 to review the work of the All India Coordinated Centres on Pig recommended the establishment of one National Research Centre on Pig preferably in the North Eastern part of the country where 28% of countrys pig population is distributed. Following the recommendation, ICAR approved the establishment of one NRC on pig at Rani, Guwahati, Assam towards the fag end of the IX five year plan. All existing AICRP centres were merged with the NRC and the post of project coordinator was upgraded to the position of Director.